May 23, 2022

Blue-Chip Stocks: What Are They?

Blue-Chip Stocks: What Are They?

When done correctly, investment has little resemblance to gambling. However, the phrase “blue-chip stock” is derived from poker. While a blue-chip stock does not have a precise definition, these firms are renowned for being valued, stable, and well-established. They’re usually well-known — even household names — in their fields, and investors rely on them for their consistency.

What makes a stock a blue-chip?

Consider a blue-chip stock to be one you’d bring home to meet your parents: It provides a nice first impression and backs it up with substance. It’s dependable, steady, and responsible. Blue-chip firms have demonstrated their worth in both ups and downs, and their stocks have a record of consistent growth. Blue-chip stocks have the following characteristics in common:

Large market capitalization

A company’s market cap measures its size and worth. Blue-chip shares are frequently large-cap stocks with a market capitalization of $10 billion or more.

Growth history

Blue-chip companies have a track record of consistent growth and promising future opportunities. They may not be as showy as fast-growing tech stocks, but that’s because they’ve been there for a while.

Component of a market index

Major market indexes such as the S&P 500, Dow Jones Industrial Average, and/or Nasdaq 100 include blue-chip equities


While not all blue-chip stocks pay dividends, most do. Dividends are payments provided to investors regularly from a company’s earnings. Dividend-paying companies are frequently mature, implying they don’t need to reinvest as much money in their expansion.

Why invest in blue-chip stocks

A single sort of stock should not dominate your portfolio. Even if you’re investing in firms usually believed to be rock-solid, diversification is important. Diversification entails distributing your money across a variety of businesses. That implies organizations with small, mid, and big market capitalizations and companies from diverse industries and geographical regions are all included.

On the other hand, blue chips are popular among investors, particularly elderly or risk-averse investors, due to their consistency. That doesn’t imply they’re immune to market downturns; rather, they’ve demonstrated a record of surviving storms and rebounding. The dividends paid by blue-chip firms are likewise well-liked by investors. As many retirees do, dividends are particularly appealing if you’re investing for income. Blue-chip companies are known for paying consistent, rising dividends.

List of blue-chip stocks

Blue-chip stocks, as previously said, are typically, but not always, household names. Here’s a rundown of blue-chip stocks you might be familiar with. This list does not include every blue-chip stock; it is just meant to be a representative sample.

  • 3M (MMM)
  • Alphabet (GOOGL)
  • Amazon (AMZN)
  • American Express (AXP)
  • Apple (AAPL)
  • Bank of America (BAC)
  • Coca-Cola (KO)
  • Costco (COST)
  • Disney (DIS)
  • Goldman Sachs (GS)
  • Home Depot (HD)
  • IBM (IBM)
  • Johnson & Johnson (JNJ)
  • McDonald’s (MCD)
  • Microsoft (MSFT)
  • Nike (NKE)
  • Starbucks (SBUX)
  • Verizon (VZ)
  • Visa (V)
  • Walmart (WMT)

An alternative: Blue-chip funds

Building a portfolio consisting of individual stocks, whether you’re buying blue-chip stocks or not, requires effort and study. Many investors prefer to invest in low-cost index funds or exchange-traded funds as a consequence. These funds hold a carefully managed portfolio of investments and allow you to buy many equities in a single transaction. It’s a simple and quick way to diversify – at least among blue-chip corporations.

Index funds and exchange-traded funds (ETFs) monitor an index, a subset of the stock market. A big-cap index fund or ETF is a fantastic approach to obtain exposure to blue-chip firms because their market sizes are often enormous. You may also invest in a fund that tracks the S&P 500 or the Dow Jones Industrial Average, both of which contain blue-chip firms.

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